Life Insurance Corporation
LIC : ADO Recruitment Exam Solved Paper
Directions (Q. 1-10) Read the following passage carefully and
answer the questions given below it. Certain words are given in bold to
help you to locate them while answering some of the questions.
and generals talk of military strategies and maneuvers but something completely
different is needed. Stability will come only when economic opportunities exist,
when youth can find jobs and support families rather than seeking their
livelihood in violence. Peace can only be achieved with a withdrawal of foreign
troops, sanctions and peace-keepers and the arrival of jobs, productive farms
and factories, healthcare and schools. Repeatedly the fragile peace in
impoverished countries has broken down because of the lack of economic
follow-up. Despite promises of aid, the actual record of international aid to
post war reconstruction is deficient.
Once the war ends agencies involved
in post war relief efforts fail to understand how to start or restart economic
development in a low income setting. They squander time, surplus aid
funds and opportunities because they are not familiar with local conditions and
do not under-stand their point of view. There are distinct phases of outside
help to end a conflict. In the first phase focus is on providing food, water,
shelter and medicine to refugees i.e., humanitarians. In the second,
emphasis is on the refugees returning home while in the last phase long term
investments and strengthening of courts is the main focus.
However once a
conflict is over aid agencies sanctioned by the World Bank send study groups
instead of requisite personnel. There is a gap of several years before moving
from humanitarian relief to economic development. By the time such help arrives
the war has restarted. It is possible to restart economic develop-ment through
targeted quick impact initiatives. Most economies in post conflict countries are
based on agriculture. Providing free packages of seeds, fertilizers and low cost
equipment quickly will ensure that former soldiers
will return to their farms and establish their livelihood. But the window of
opportunity closes quickly and one has to implement these measures almost
Which of the following is a reason, post conflict reconstruction efforts have
Aid organizations do not understand issues from the perspective of the poor
(B) Rapid economic development in low income countries
World Bank studies are not valid
International aid organizations become too involved in reconstruction efforts
None of these
Where does the problem lie in implementing post war relief measures ?
Aid agencies fail to study the situation
Economic development measures are too rapid
Focus on economic development not humanitarian aid
Lack of funds to implement programmes
Lack of essential and qualified personnel
According to the author how can political stability be achieved ?
Increasing the number of foreign troops in areas of conflict
Depending more on foreign aid
Following recommendations given by the World Bank
Providing economic opportunities
None of these
Which of the following is not true in the context of the pas-sage ?
Focus in the first phase of a war is on providing humanitarian aid
Sanctions are not a means to ensure peace
Adequate time must be taken to plan and implement quick impact strategies
Providing employment to the younger generation will prevent wars
Focus on delivering justice through courts should be in the last phase of
How can economic development be restarted in an impoverished country ?
Long term studies should be commissioned
Retaining soldiers in the army to ensure law and order
Restrict number of aid agencies to avoid waste
Focusing on agricultural initiatives
Deploying peace keepers in the country
What is the benefit of quick impact aid ?
Soldiers earn income from the army and their farms
Providing alternate livelihood to soldiers before war can restart
Free land is given to soldiers
Price of equipment is low
None of these
7 and 8) Choose the word that is most nearly the same in meaning
as the word printed in bold as used in the passage.
9 and 10) Choose the word which is most opposite in meaning of the
word printed in bold as used in the passage.