IBPS-RRBs Officer Scale-I Previous Year Exam Paper - 2014, "English"

IBPS-RRBs Officer Scale-1 Previous Year Exam Paper - 2014

Subject : English Language

Directions (Q. Nos. 1-5) Which of the phrases given against the sentence should replace the word/phrase given in bold in the sentence to make it grammatically correct? If the sentence is correct as it is given and no correction is required, select ‘No correction required’ as the answer.

1. Rich mineral resources and the government present willing to build infrastructure will attract plenty of foreign investment.

(a) government willingly present
(b) government presence is willing
(c) government is present but willing
(d) present government’s willingness
(e) No correction required

2. One of the city’s advantages including a good education system, attractive quality of life and a good transport system which can cope with its rising population.

(a) One of the city’s advantages include
(b) Some of the city’s advantages include
(c) The city has advantages included
(d) Many of the city’s advantages are included
(e) No correction required

3. Regulators in America have plans to increase the amount of capital that its eight largest banks can held and banks will have until 2018 to comply.

(a) increased the amount
(b) increase in the amount
(c) which increases the amount
(d) by increasing amounts
(e) No correction required

4. If we revise the school curriculum, colleges will not only get more quality of students but companies will also get skilled employees.

(a) most quality students
(b) good quality of the student
(c) students of best qualities
(d) better quality students
(e) No correction required

5. By running small dairy farms and selling the milk to factories, the women of the village takes care the needs of their families.

(a) woman of the village caring for
(b) woman of a village will care
(c) women of the village take care of
(d) village women taking care of
(e) No correction required

Directions (Q. Nos. 6-10) Rearrange the given six sentences A, B, C, D, E and F in a proper sequence so as to form a meaning paragraph and then answer the given questions.

A. So while these partnerships are at times messy and controversial, on balance, they are a force for good.

B. NGOs help compaines reach and meet the needs of parts of the market that companies do not understand, such as the marginalised, where NGOs have unique insight.

C. But before concluding that such partnerships are valueless it is worth recalling the reasons why they took off in the first place.

D. For NGOs too, partnerships with firms have their uses, with companies providing money and ways of influencing the mindandbehaviour of millions of people.

E. There are many opponents to the close ties between companies and charities (Non-governmental Organisations-NGOs).

F. NGOs are also better than companies at attracting and retaining idealistic talent, who sometimes end up even being absorbed by the companies to administer the policies they had advocated when they worked for NGOs.

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6. Which of the following should be the SECOND sentence after the rearrangement?

(a) A
(b) B
(c) C
(d) D
(e) E

7. Which of the following should be the SIXTH (LAST) sentence after the rearrangement?

(a) A
(b) B
(c) C
(d) D
(e) F

8. Which of the following should be the FIFTH sentence after the rearrangement?

(a) A
(b) B
(c) C
(d) D
(e) E

9. Which of the following should be the THIRD sentence after the rearrangement?

(a) A
(b) B
(c) D
(d) E
(e) F

10. Which of the following should be the FIRST sentence after the rearrangement?

(a) A
(b) B
(c) C
(d) D
(e) E

Directions (Q. Nos. 11-15) Read these sentences to find out whether there is any grammatical mistake/error in them. The error, If any, will be in one part of the sentence. Mark the part with the error as your answer. If there is no error, mark ‘No error’ as your answer. (Ignore the errors of punctuation if any)

11. Though the idea of high speed trains is/apprealingly, studies show that countries which/have such trains have found that they are much/more expensive than expected and are not used much.

(a) Though the idea of high speed trains is
(b) Appealingly, studies show that countries which
(c) have such trains have found that they are much
(d) more expensive than expected and are not used much
(e) No error

12. Innovations especially into a the field of/information technology can help to increase/the wages of the workforce provided/workers have the necessary skills.

(a) Innovations especially into the field of
(b) Information technology can help to increase
(c) the wages of the workforce provided
(d) workers have the necessary skills
(e) No error

13. While the country spend about $ 800 million on fireworks/every year, at a cost of only $ 74 million it/is set to launch a rocket into space to/orbit Mars and gather data about the planet.

(a) While the country spend about $ 800 million on fireworks
(b) every year, at a cost of only $ 74 million at
(c) is set to launch a rocket into space to
(d) orbit Mars and gather data about the planet
(e) No error

14. The government plans to launch a new healthcare system which/consists of a website where people’s registration for insurance,/ a data centre which stores records and an interface/which provides insurance companies with informaton.

(a) The government plans to launch a new healthcare system which
(b) consists of a website where people’s registration for insurance
(c) a data centre which stores records and an interface
(d) which provides insurance companies with information
(e) No error

15. Over half of China’s 1.4 billion population/lives in villages and the most pressing/problem faces the country today/is the lack of rural reforms.

(a) Over half of China’s 1.4 billion population
(b) lives in villages and the most pressing
(c) problem faces the country today
(d) is the lack of rural reforms
(e) No error

Directions (Q. Nos. 16-20) These sentences have two blanks each indicating that something has been omitted. Choose the set of words of the blanks which best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole.

16. Young people may be ....... the ability to read emotions, as digital devices such as smartphones are .......... their face-to-face social skills.

(a) faking, hiding
(b) affecting, stopping
(c) losing, limiting
(d) failing, hindering
(e) mastering, providing

17. .......... are the days when consumers were passive passengers with little of .......... choice over the design of the product.

(a) Went, less
(b) Past, much
(c) Gone, no
(d) Extinct, nil
(e) Lost, so

18. Researchers .......... that eating less meat would help in .......... water resources in dry areas around the world.

(a) opine, conserve
(b) said, procuring
(c) suggest, removing
(d) prove, store
(e) believe, preserving

19. The government is ......... on launching a system to strictly monitor ............. of industrial wastes.

(a) keen, treatment
(b) thinking, capturing
(c) contemplating, cure
(d) interested, disposal
(e) eager, healing

20. Scientists, from across the country, have ......... emphasis on the need to take immediate steps to ............ the issue of climate change.

(a) placed, stop
(b) paid, halt
(c) given, hold
(d) laid, address
(e) put, clear

Directions (Q. Nos. 21-30) Read the following passage carefully and answer the given questions. Certain words are given in bold to help you to locate them while answering some of the questions.

Rural development in India has witnessed several changes over the years in its emphasis, approaches, strategies and programmes. It has assumed a new dimension and perspectives as a consequence. Rural development can be richer and more meaningful only through the participation of clienteles of development. Just as implementation is the touchstone for planning people’s participationis the centre-piece in rural development.

People’s participation is one of the foremost pre-requisites of development process both from procedural and philsophical perspectives. For the development planners and administrators, it is important solicit the participation of different groups of rural people, to make the plans participatory.

Rural Development aims at imporving rural people’s livelihoods in an equitable and sustainable manner, both socially and environmentally, through better access to assets and services, and control over productive capital.

The basic objectives of Rural Development Programmes have been alleviation of poverty and unemployment through creation of basic social and economic infrastructure, provision of training to rural unemployed youth and providing employment to marginal farmers/labourers to discourage seasonal and permanent migration to urban areas.

Rural Development is the main pillar of our nation’s development. In spite of rapid urbanisation, a large section of our population still lives in the villages. Secondly, rural India has lagged behind in development because of many historical factors.

Though, the 11th Plan began in very favourable circumstances with the economy having grown at the rate of 7.7% per year in the 10th Plan period, there still existed a big challenge to correct the development imbalances and to accord due priority to development in rural areas.

Ministry of Rural Development is implementing a number of programmes aimed at sustainable holistic development in rurual areas. The thrust of these programmes is on all round economic and social transformation in rural areas, though in multi-pronged strategy, aiming to reach out to the most disadvantaged sections of the society. Although concerted efforts have been initiated by the government of India through several plans and measures to alleviate poverty in rural India, there still remains much more to be done to bring propertiy in the lives of the people in rural areas.

At present, technology dissemination is uneven and slow in the rural areas. Good efforts of organisations developing technologies, devices and products for rural areas could not yield high success. Experiences of many countries suggest that technological development fuelled by demand has a higher dissemination rate. However, in India, technology developers for rural areas have been catering to needs, rather than creating demand.

There is no industry linkage machinery to create demand based-technology market for rural communities. Besides, there is also an imbalance between strategies and effective management programmes. Propagation of technolgy/schemes for rural development is slow and there is lack of wider participation of different stakeholders.

An ideal approach may therefore, include the government, panchayats, village personnel, researchers, industries NGOs and private companies to not only help in reducing this imbalance but also to have a multiplier effect on the overall economy.

21. According to the passage, which of the following are the objectives of most Rural Development Programmes?

A. To promote urbanisation.
B. Provide training to youth.
C. Reducing unemployment.

(a) A and C
(b) Only C
(c) B and C
(d) All of these
(e) Only A

22. As per the passage, the basic objectives of Rural Development Programmes have been alleviation of poverty and .......... through creation of basic social and economic infrastructure.

(a) dissemination
(b) unemployment
(c) attenuation
(d) infrastructure
(e) None of the above

23. According to the passage, experiences of many countries suggest that technological development fuelled by demand has a higher ......... rate.

(a) dissemination
(b) promulgation
(c) promotion
(d) circulation
(e) attenuation

24. Which of the following is most OPPOSITE in meaning of the word given in the bold as used in the passage?
Propagation

(a) Dissemination
(b) Promulgation
(c) Promotion
(d) Circulation
(e) None of the above

25. Which of the following is true according to the passage?

A. Urbanisation has resulted in a majority of Indian population living in urban areas.
B. The economic growth of the 10th five year plan did not translate into proportionate rural development.
C. The efforts of the government of India for poverty alleviation have been met with complete failure.

(a) A and B
(b) Only C
(c) A and C
(d) Only B
(e) All of the above

26. Which of the following is most nearly the SAME in meaning as the word given in the bold used in the passage?
Touchstone

(a) Yardstick
(b) Periphery
(c) Sensitivity
(d) Weakners
(e) Hurdle

27. According to the passage, what ails the process of technology aided development in rural areas?

A. Creation of demand for technology aided development in rural areas is missing
B. There is lack of participation of rural people in the process of technology aided development
C. There is dearth of appropriate linkages needed for bringing about technology aided development.

(a) Only C
(b) B and C
(c) Only A
(d) A and B
(e) All of these

28. Which of the following can be the most suitable title for the passage?

(a) Technology in Rural India
(b) The Rural Indian Communities
(c) Rural Development-The Participative Way
(d) Rural India-Ignored by All the Stakeholders
(e) Rural Development-An impossible Dream

29. Which of the following is most nearly the SAME in meaning as the word given in the bold as used in the passage?
Alleviation

(a) Reduction
(b) Attenuation
(c) Damp
(d) Diminish
(e) Assnage

30. Which of the followingis most OPPOSITE in meaning of the word given in bold as used in the passage?

Equitable

(a) Troubled
(b) Unfair
(c) Separated
(d) Futuristic
(e) Just

Directions (Q. Nos. 31-40) In the given passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. Against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find the appropriate word in each case.

Confidence in the global economy is (151) improving, as evidenced by the bullish behaviour of financial markets and by increasingly positive comments from companies and policy makers over the past few weeks.

While economists have generally argued in (152) of a robust recovery, both in the world economy and in financial markets, it is when investors get (153) bullish that the pessimistic case deserves more (154).

Many of them believe that the current improvement in global conditions is just a blip and that the world faces years, if not decades, of ‘secular stagnation’. How (155) should we take these foreboding statements?

The good news is that there is not much (156) of secular stagnation in global statistics. For the world economy as a whole, the ‘new normal’ since 2008 has not, infact, been very (157) from the pre-crisis period. The average growth of the global economy, from 1988 to 2007, was 3.6%, according to the IMF’s Economic Outlook database. Its latest forecast for this year is the same, 3.6%, although the IMF Managing Director hinted at a modest (158) this week.

At first sight, this continuity from the pre-crisis decades seems (159) to square with the slowdown in economic activity in all major economies since 2008. The IMF expects only 2.2% growth this year in developed countries compared with an average of 2.8% during the two decades before the crisis. In the emerging economies, meanwhile, growth is (160) at 4.8% this year, slightly below the 4.9% of the pre-crisis decades.

31. (a) heavily
(b) steadily
(c) tremendously
(d) highly
(e) regularly

32. (a) approval
(b) favour
(c) account
(d) side
(e) grace

33. (a) together
(b) collective
(c) wild
(d) uniformly
(e) distributive

34. (a) weight
(b) meaning
(c) attraction
(d) notice
(e) attention

35. (a) easily
(b) seriously
(c) badly
(d) simply
(e) much

36. (a) evidence
(b) example
(c) sample
(d) clue
(e) information

37. (a) similar
(b) unlike
(c) distinctive
(d) different
(e) identical

38. (a) reduce
(b) crash
(c) subside
(d) flop
(e) decline

39. (a) hard
(b) default
(c) difficulty
(d) hit
(e) roughly

40. (a) highlighted
(b) depicted
(c) projected
(d) progressed
(e) assumed

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