SBI PO (Main) Exam Paper - 2019 "Reasoning Ability"
SBI PO (Main) Exam Paper - 2019 "Reasoning Ability"
Direction (1 – 3) : A number arrangement machine when given an input line of numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step.
The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.
Input: 734269 825497 647538 219354 961357 321658
Step I: 962437 794528 465783 123945 753169 236185
Step II: 123945 236185 465783 753169 794528 962437
Step III: 135924 135268 357468 135796 579248 379246
Step IV: 3458 31048 152848 33554 351832 211824
Step V: 20 16 28 20 22 18
Step V is the last step of the rearrangement. As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate steps for the given input.
Input: 856347 745982 329584 512379 954267 463512
1. If 20 is related to 28 in step V and 973215 is related to 743658 in step II. In the same way, in step III, 579248 is related to __.
E. None of the above
2. What is the difference between the second element from the left end in step II and second element from the right end in step IV?
3. Which element is third to the right of second element from the left end in Step IV?
Direction (4 – 6) : Study the following data carefully and answer the questions accordingly. 7 People A, C, F, J, N, R and V, all related to V in some way are facing North. J sits 3rd from the extreme end. V’s father sits second to the right of J. Only 3 people are there between V’s father and V’s sister. As many people sit to the left of V’s sister as to the right of V’s mother. Only one person sits between N and V’s mother. N is the son of C. A sits third to the right of C. C is the father of R. F sits to the immediate right of R. V’s wife sits second to the left of V.
4. How many people sit to the right of V?
5. Who sits second to the left of V?
6. How is N related to A?
B. Father in law
E. Can’t be determined
Direction: Study the following data carefully and answer the questions accordingly.
7. A & B → A is 15 m to the north of B
A @ B → A is 23 m to the east of B
A # B → A is 20 m to the south of B
A % B→ A is 12 m to the west of B
If P % Q # R & S @ T # U, V @ U, then
what is the distance between V and Q?
A. 20 m
B. 25 m
C. 30 m
D. 15 m
E. 35 m
Direction (8 – 10) : Study the following data carefully and answer the questions accordingly.
The following words are coded in this manner: ‘Words make sentences meaningful’ is coded as 8 $ A, 2!R, 6#C, 14 $ F ‘Rain stops every week’ is coded as 2^E, 2#O, 8+A, 8!E ‘Eagerly receives ___(a)___’ is coded as 12%R, 4^R, 12+V ‘Rarely prepares tasty food’ is coded as 12%R, 2~S, __(b)__, 8 @ O
8. What is the code for ‘every motivated’?
A. 5#F 6 @ R
B. 2^E 6 $ T
C. 6#F 8 $ D
D. 5 $ F 7 @ E
E. 7 @ R 5%R
9. What will come in the blank ‘(a)’?
10. What will come in the blank ‘(b)’?
A. 5 $ F
Direction (11 – 12) : Study the following data carefully and answer the questions accordingly. The following codes are used:
clubs (♣), diamonds (♦), hearts (♥) and spades (♠)
A♥B means A is to the North of B.
A♣B means A is to the South of B.
A♠B means A is to the East of B.
A♦B means A is to the West of B.
There are 3 buses travelling from Z to Y.
Bus 1: K 16♦ Z, J 10♣ K, M 9♦ J, D 18♥ M, C 29♠ D, P 9♥ C, Y 4♦ P
Bus 2: E 35♣ Z, F 6♦ E, G 13♥ F, H 19♦ G, K 39♥ H, Y 25♠ L
Bus 3: N 32♠ Z, Q 4♥ N, S 8♦ Q, T 4♥ S, C 20♦ T
11. What is the distance between D & T?
A. 57 m
B. 65 m
C. 45 m
D. 49 m
E. None of these
12. What is the direction of H with respect to M?
E. Can’t be determined
Direction (13 – 15) : Study the following data carefully and answer the questions accordingly.
There are 8 people standing in 2 concentric square grounds. Four of them are standing in the outer ground facing inwards and four of them are standing in the inner ground facing outwards. All are standing in the middle of the side of the square. There are 4 couples. Q is to the immediate right of T. Q faces V. There is only one person between V and R’s husband. W faces the immediate neighbour of R. W is not the spouse of T. P neither faces W nor R. S is the immediate neighbour of P. P faces the center.
13. Who is the spouse of U?
E. Can’t be determined
14. Who among the following are the immediate neighbours?
E. None of these
15. Who sits second to the right of T?
Direction: In the question below is given a statement followed by three assumptions numbered I, II and III. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the following assumption and decide which of the assumption is implicit in the statement.
16. Statement: Prime Minister Narendra Modi on February 24 will launch the Rs 75,000-crore Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN) scheme in Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, by transferring the first of the three installments of Rs 2,000 each to over one crore farmers having cultivable land up to two hectares. Another one crore farmers will be covered in the next 2-3 days.
I. The central government had announced the PM-KISAN scheme under which Rs 6,000 per year will be given in three installments to small and marginal farmers holding cultivable land up to two hectares.
II. The scheme has been made effective from this fiscal itself and as a result, farmers would get one installment before March-end. This programme is part of the government's effort to address farm sector distress.
III. To provide an assured income support to the small and marginal farmers, the government is launching the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM- KISAN).
A. Only II is implicit
B. All I, II and III are implicit
C. None is implicit
D. Only I is implicit
E. Only III is implicit
Direction: In each question below is given a statement followed by three assumptions numbered I, II and III. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the following assumption and decide which of the assumption is implicit in the statement.
17. Statement: The Indian authorities have allowed commercial operations to all the airports that were shut after a few fighter jets of the Pakistani Air Force entered the Indian side of Kashmir. The authorities had informed all airlines that airports near the Jammu & Kashmir region and Dehradun have been closed.
I. The Pakistani Air Force entered into the Indian side of Kashmir after the Indian Air Force entered the Pakistani territory and bombed a terrorist training centre in Pakistan.
II. Several airline executives confirmed that the government has informed them that flights to Jammu, Srinagar, Leh, Amritsar, Dehradun & Dharamshala have been suspended ‘till further notice.’
III. One official added that no Notice to Airmen (NOTAM) has been issued yet. It is a notification to the government that the airlines have received, the source in the know said.
A. None is implicit
B. Only I is implicit
C. Both II and III are implicit
D. Only III is implicit
E. Only II is implicit
Direction: In the question below, are given a statement followed by three courses of actions numbered I, II and III. On the basis of the information given, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, and then decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing.
18. Statement: Early-stage startups and small businesses in India have been shying away from hiring women after the government increased paid maternity leave in 2017, a survey shows. An amendment to the Maternity Benefits Act, passed in March 2017, raised paid maternity leave for women from 12 weeks to 26 weeks, benefitting 1.8 million women workers in the organised sector. The law applies to all establishments employing 10 or more people, and the entitlement applies only up to the first two children. LocalCircles, a citizens’ forum which surveyed 9,000 early-stage startups and small businesses, said hiring women who will avail of maternity benefits, which includes six months’ paid leave, has turned into a significant economic burden for startups that typically run on shoestring budgets. In the survey, 46% of the respondents said they hired mostly male employees in the last 18 months.
Courses of action:
I. While the government late last year said it will refund employers for seven weeks of pay given to an employee on maternity leave, startups and SMEs said it isn’t enough to cover the cost. As per the survey, 65% of the respondents said that even 19 weeks of pay would be too much for them to absorb.
II. According to the latest Monster Salary Index report, women still earn 19% less than their male counterparts in India. This gap has decreased by 1% from last year. Further, the report adds that women-led businesses received only 65% of the funding secured by male-led ones.
III. However, not all small startups agree that maternity benefits need to be scrapped. Rohan Shravan, founder of AI startup Inkers Technology said that among his team of nine employees, three are women, and unlike many firms of its size, they even offer extended paternity leave benefit to employees.
A. All follow
B. Neither I nor III follows
C. Only I follows
D. None follows
E. Only III follows
Direction (19 – 22) : Study the given information carefully and answer the questions given below.
Ten boxes P, Q, R, S, T, A, B, C, D and E are arranged in a stack from top to bottom (where the one at the bottom is numbered as 1 and the one at the top is numbered as 10 ) but not necessarily in the same order. Boxes which are kept at even-numbered position contain different fruits such as apple, pear, orange, litchi and kiwi. Two boxes are kept between the box which contains orange and Box A. The box which contains orange is kept at either 8th or 10th position in the stack. Box R is kept above Box P but below Box S. Total number of boxes which contain fruits below and above the box which contains kiwi is the same. Box A is above Box T but not immediately above. The number of boxes kept between box A and Box T is same as the number of boxes kept between box T and Box D. The box which contains pear is kept above the box which contains litchi. Box C is kept immediately above Box Q. Only three boxes are kept between box E and Box D where Box E is kept above box D. Box D doesn’t contain Kiwi. The box which contains apple is kept below Box T but not immediately below. Neither box R nor box Q contains Pear. Box B contains apple. The box which contains orange is not kept immediately above Box E.
19. How many boxes are kept between Box C and the box which is kept at fourth from the bottom?
C. More than four
E. None of these
20. Which fruit is contained by T?
21. What is the position of Box S from the top of the stack?
22. Which of the following can be said for the box R?
I. Box R contains Kiwi.
II. Box R is kept immediate above E.
III. Box R is kept exactly between Box A and Box T.
A. Only I
B. Only II
C. Only III
D. Both I and II
E. None of the above
Direction: The question consists of a question and three statements numbered I, II and III given below. You have to decide whether the data provided in which of the statements are sufficient to answer the question. Choose your answer from the options based on this.
23. Eight persons A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H are staying on an eight-storey building. Lowermost floor is numbered 1 and the topmost floor is numbered 8. Who among the following lives on the bottom floor?
I. B lives 3 floors above F. G lives just above B. One person lives between B and A.
II. A lives on an odd-numbered floor. C lives two floors below A.
III. E lives just above D. Two persons live between D and H.
A. I and II
B. II and III
C. Either I and III or II and III
D. Any of two
E. All of them
Direction (24 – 27) : Study the information given below and answer the questions based on it. A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H and I are nine people standing in 3 parallel rows facing north, in such a way that there is an equal distance between adjacent persons. Each row contains three positions. They speak different language Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati, English, Tamil, and Telugu.
1) I, D and G are standing in 3 different rows and they all speak a different language.
2) One who speaks Gujarati is immediate left of the one who speaks Marathi in Row-1.
3) There are 3 students who can speak English and all are standing in different rows.
4) H is standing in row-1 and speaks English. Also, he is at the right end.
5) G speaks neither Hindi nor English and speaks only that language which is not spoken by any other student.
6) One who speaks Tamil is in Row-2 and is diagonally opposite to the one who speaks Hindi and Telugu in Row-3.
7) One who Speaks Telugu in row-2 is in parallel to the students who speak Gujarati in row-1 and Hindi in row-3.
8) B is the only one who speaks Gujarati and is diagonally opposite to A. I is in the second row and D cannot speak English.
9) In Row-3 F is on the extreme right end. And He finds no difficulty to talk to E.
24. Who is standing in the middle of row-3?
25. Who is immediate neighbour of the one who speaks English in Row-2?
26. Who is not standing in row-2?
E. None of these
27. Who does not speak English?
E. None of these
Direction (28 – 29) : Read the given passage below and answer the questions. Amid a changing environment, with natural homes of birds getting depleted as natural forests make way for plantations and other such modified terrains, comes the good news of how the great Indian hornbill adapts to such change. A group of researchers from NCBS-TIFR in Bengaluru and Nature Conservation Foundation in Mysuru observed eight hornbill nests, three located in contiguous forests and five located in modified habitats such as coffee plantations. They found that the birds followed similar nesting behaviour but adapted to the changing environment. The team chose to study the great Indian hornbills nesting in the Anamalai hills. For comparison, the researchers located the study in the modified habitat in the Valparai plateau and the contiguous forests in the Anamalai Tiger Reserve and the Vazhachal Reserve forests. The modified habitat included tea, coffee and cardamom plantations, and tribal settlements.
28. Which of the following is not an apt conclusion on the basis of the information provided?
A. Some of the nests were discovered during the study with the help of local tribal assistants.
B. Great hornbills may adapt to habitat modification provided that their key requirements for food and nesting are fulfilled in the habitats like coffee and forest fragments.
C. Considering that hornbills use same nest over years, protection of these known nest trees and retention of large trees that can be potential nests is absolutely essential.
D. None of the above.
E. All of the above.
29. Which of the following is/are a suitable course of action in lieu of the information provided?
A. Hornbills are secondary cavity nesters and choose cavities formed in large trees for nesting. Also, they are monogamous, and the female, after copulation, seals herself in the hole until the initial breeding period of two-four months is over.
B. The team also highlighted the potential of rainforest fragments and coffee plantation for conservation of hornbills outside of protected areas.
C. In addition, it is necessary to have a diversity of native tree species, particularly figs, laurels and other food plants.
D. Along with other threats such as hunting, modified land use, ensuing forest fragmentation, felling of large trees with the potential for nesting, the loss of fruit bearing trees could also affect hornbill nesting habits.
E. Considering that hornbills use same nest over years, protection of these known nest trees and retention of large trees that can be potential nests is absolutely essential.
30. Direction: Study the information given below and answer the questions based on it. Revenue growth at mid-tier IT services firms such as Hexaware, Zensar, Mphasis and L&T Infotech is set to pick up, boosted by strong deal wins as they see customers keen to invest more in technology projects. While they are projected to outpace large rivals such as Infosys and Wipro in growth, the pressure on their margins is likely to be higher. Which of the following can be logically inferred from the above information?
A. All indicators show that these mid-tier IT service firms will again grow better than industry average in FY2020. Their pipeline is better than last year. They are growing both existing accounts and getting new logos and deals especially in the last quarter.
B. It is broad-based growth, across geographies, verticals and service lines, unlike their large peers where we see softness in a few geographies and verticals.
C. Mid-tier companies are sharpening their overall strategy, by increasing focus on certain markets and businesses than spread thin.
D. While these firms are growing fast, their margins continue to be under pressure. The pricing pressure in the traditional segment can erode their margins further.
E. All can be inferred.
Direction (31 – 34) : Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.
Six persons i.e. M, N, O, P, Q and R who all are sitting around a hexagonal table facing towards the center. They all are of different height and weight such that the one who is the tallest is not the lightest among all. They all are of different age i.e. 14, 22, 28, 30, 35 and 60 but not necessarily in the same order. The one who is the heaviest among all sits third to the right of N, who is 60 years of age. The one who is twice the age of Q is the third lightest among all. The one who is 35 years of age is the second tallest, who sits second to the right of Q, who is not the immediate neighbour of N. Only one person sits between N and the one who is the third heaviest among all, who is 14 years of age. The one who is younger than Q is not the lightest. Q is shorter than only two people. O's age is half the age of M. M sits third to the right of the one who is the shortest in height among all. The one who is older than P is taller than Q. The one who is 30 years old is the heaviest among all. The one who sits opposite to R is the second heaviest among all. R sits second to the right P. M is taller than the one who is 14 years old.
31. Who among the following faces P?
32. Who among the following is the third lightest person?
33. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and hence form a group. Find the one that does not belong to the group.
34. Who among the following is the shortest person in this group?
Direction: The question below consists of a question and two statements numbered I and II given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question.
35. Among M, N, O, P, Q and R, who got the highest salary?
I. O got more salary than only two persons. N got more salary than M but not the highest. Q got more salary than only R.
II. M got less salary than only two persons. Q got a higher salary than R but less than O. O got less salary than M. N got less salary than P.
A. The data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement I alone is not sufficient to answer the question
B. The data even in both statements I and II together is not sufficient to answer the question
C. The data either in statement I alone or in statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question
D. The data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement II alone is not sufficient to answer the question
E. The data in both statements I and II together is necessary to answer the question
Direction : Study the information given below and answer the questions based on it.
There are 6 persons in a list A, B, C, D, E and F. They got different marks in an examination. C got more marks than D but less than B. E got more marks than F and F got the least marks among them. The one who got the highest marks got 400 marks and the one who got the least marks got 60 marks. The one who got the highest marks, his position in the list is number 1 and the one who got the least marks, his position in the list is number 6.
36. If A got 400 marks and E’s position in the list is 2nd last and the persons who got last 3 positions in the list, their average marks is 95, then what will be the total marks of D and E together?
E. None of these
Direction (37 – 39) : Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below.
There are five vehicles of different types viz., Bus, Van, Bike, Truck and Jeep in a garage but not necessarily in the same order. They are serviced at different timing in a single day. The duration of their servicing in the garage may or may not be different. The total duration of the servicing in the garage by the mechanic is of 11 hours. There is no gap between the servicing time of all vehicles. The duration of servicing is either a full hour or half an hour but not in one third or one fourth. The van was serviced in the garage from 12:30 pm to 3 pm. Jeep was taken for servicing immediately after the Van. The servicing hour of Jeep in the garage is three hours. The duration of servicing of Truck is more than the duration of servicing of Bike in the garage by 1 hour. Truck was serviced just after the servicing of Bike. The truck was not serviced at the last. The bus was serviced in the garage before Van but not immediately before. The duration of servicing of the bus is of 1.5 hours. The servicing of the bike is after 6:00 am.
37. Which among the following was serviced from 3:00-6:00 pm?
38. Which among the following was serviced just after bus?
E. None of these
39. What is the duration (in hours) of the Bike’s servicing?
A. 2.5 hour
B. 3 hour
C. 3.5 hour
D. 1.5 hour
E. 2 hour
Direction: The question given below consists of a statement, followed by three arguments numbered I, II and III. You have to decide which of the arguments is/are ‘strong’ arguments and which is/are ‘weak’ arguments and accordingly choose your answer from the alternatives given below each question.
40. Statement: India has conveyed to Russia that it will not be part of the project now to develop a fifth-generation fighter aircraft (FGFA) and may join the programme at a later stage, according to Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman. It was conveyed to Russia that they can go ahead with the project and we may join it at a later stage. Which among the following arguments support the above statement in the best possible manner?
I. India and Russia had signed an inter- governmental agreement for the mega project in 2007, vowing to take the military ties between the two strategic partners to the next level.
II. However, the project has been stuck for the last 11 years as there have been serious differences between the two sides on sharing the cost of developing the jet, technologies to be used in it and number of aircraft to be produced.
III. The government is adopting a layered approach to achieve the final goal of theatre command and that the thrust was on a bottom-up approach.
A. None is strong.
B. Only III and II are strong.
C. Only III is strong.
D. All except III and I are strong.
E. All are strong.
41. After GST and demonetisation, rising interest rates are set to hurt SMEs. Interest rates for loans against property (LAP) extended to small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) are set to rise in the coming months of 2018 ‘ Rising interest rates, in addition to the muted operating environment for small businesses in India, will lead to an increase in delinquencies on LAP extended to SMEs’. The introduction of the goods and services tax (GST) in July 2017 and the government's demonetization policy have placed stress on the SME sector, which rising interest rates will exacerbate. Which of the following can be logically inferred from the statement above?
A. In addition to rising delinquencies over the last few years would force lenders to be more cautious while underwriting loans. This would limit refinancing options, adversely affecting existing borrowers.
B. But losses will be limited because these loans are secured and have relatively low loan-to-value ratios.
C. Rising interest rates will limit refinancing options and increase repayment amounts, increasing risks for asset backed securities (ABS) backed by LAP to SMEs.
D. The ABS (asset backed securities) backed by LAP extended to SMEs have non-amortizing cash reserves, substantial excess spread and the possibility to extend the life of the loans and hence the life of the transactions.
E. None can be inferred.
Direction: Two statements are followed by three conclusions I, II and III. You have to consider the statements to be true, even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. You have to decide which of the given conclusions can definitely be drawn from the given statements and indicate your answer accordingly.
I. The world’s largest bee — a giant insect roughly the size of a human thumb — has been rediscovered in a remote part of Indonesia in its first sighting in nearly 40 years, researchers said.
II. Despite its conspicuous size, no one had observed Wallace’s giant bee — discovered in the 19th century by British naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace.
I. Several previous expeditions to the region where the bee lives failed to spot it.
II. Indonesia is home to an abundant variety of flora and fauna but there are fears for some animal and insect communities as forests being cut down for agriculture threaten many species’ natural habitat.
III. The bee which lives in the Indonesian island region of North Moluccas, makes its nest in termite mounds, using its large fang-like mandibles to collect sticky resin to protect its home from the termites.
A. Only conclusion I follows
B. Both conclusions II and III follow
C. Only conclusion III follows
D. Only conclusion II follows
E. Both conclusions I and II follow
Direction: Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:
Six people i.e. L, M, N, P, R and S are sitting around a triangular table but not necessarily in the same order. Three of them sit at the corner of the table and three of them sit in the middle of the side. Some of them are facing inside the table and some of them are facing outside the table. Not more than two persons sit adjacent to each other who are facing the same direction. Two persons sit between R and P. P faces inside. S sits second to the right of R. L faces the opposite direction to R. Only one person sits between N and S who does not sit at the corner of the table. M and N face the same direction as P. M sits 2nd to the left of L.
43. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and hence from a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?
44. Who amongst the following sits second to the right of the one who sits third to the left of N?
E. None of these
45. How many persons sit between S and N when counted from the right of N?
E. None of these