Special Current Affair for IBPS
Topic: India & The World
- India and Germany
- India and Bangladesh
- India and China
- India and Singapore
INDIA AND GERMANY
Prime Minister of India, Manmohan Singh visited Germany from 10 April 2013 to
12 April 2013 for participating in second round of Inter Governmental
Consultations with Germany. He was accompanied by delegation including Ministers
and senior officials.
During his visit, certain documents were signed. These documents are as
Joint Declaration of Intent regarding promotion of German as a foreign
language in India
The Joint Declaration of Intent regarding promotion of German as a
foreign language in India was signed between M. Mangapati Pallam Raju,
Minister for Human Resource Development from India and Cornelia Pieper,
Minister of State in the German Foreign Office.
Under the Joint Declaration, India would cooperate in introducing B.Ed
programmes for German language.
Also scholarships would be awarded for Masters degree programs and for
short stays in Germany with the goal of improving mutual trust and
intercultural relations.Intergovernmental MoU between India & Germany on
Cooperation in the field of Higher Education
This MoU was signed between M. Mangapati Pallam Raju, Minister for Human
Resource Development from India and Johanna Wanka, Federal Minister of
Education and Research from Germany.
This MoU intends to facilitate people-to-people exchanges. This includes
students, academics, and project collaborators. Joint Declaration of Intent
on Indo-German cooperation in the area of Civil Security Research
This Joint Declaration was signed between Minister for Science &
Technology, Jaipal Reddy from India and Federal Minister of Education and
Research, Johanna Wanka from Germany.
The Indo-German research cooperation in this new area intends to fund 5
pilot projects in 2013 with the identified priorities being natural disaster
management, biological risk situations, urban security, protection & rescue
of people and social aspects of civil security research.
Joint Declaration for the bilateral “Kooperations Program” of the German
Federal Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection and the
National Seeds Association of India and the German Association of Plant
Breeders.This was signed between Ambassador of India and Gerd Muller,
Parliamentary State Secretary, Federal Ministry of Food, Agriculture and
Consumer Protection, Germany.
This joint declaration aims at strengthening cooperation in:
Plant variety protection
Conservation of plant genetic resources
Cooperation between Indian and German agricultural research institutions
and seed companies Joint Declaration of Intent on the Establishment of an
Indo-German Working Group on Quality Infrastructure for Cooperation in
Standardisation, Conformity Assessment and Product Safety
This was signed between Foreign Secretary of India and Anne Ruth Herkes,
State Secretary at the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology of
This aims to strengthen bilateral cooperation in standardization,
conformity assessment and product safety through advancing bilateral
economic and technical cooperation, intensifying dialogue and promoting
coordinated activities in international organizations.
It also provides for establishing and Indo-German Working Group Quality
Infrastructure. Joint Declaration of Intent on Indo-German Development
Cooperation regarding the Establishment of Green Energy Corridors
This was signed between Farooq Abdullah, Minister for New and Renewable
Energy, India and Gudrun Kopp, Parliamentary State Secretary, Germany.
This joint declaration aims at fostering increased use of renewable
energy in India through technical and fanatical cooperation by way of
integrating additional renewable energy generation capacity with the
The Technical cooperation would be implemented through the German Agency
for International Cooperation (GIZ) and KfW intends to provide concessional
loans of up to Euro one billion over the next six years.
List of documents signed on the sidelines of 2nd round of India-Germany
MoU between Solar Energy Centre and Fraunhofer Institute for cooperation
and exchanges in various areas including solar photovoltaic; solar thermals
systems; hydrogen and fuel cells.
Programme of Cooperation between Dept. of Biotechnology of India and
Helmholtz Association in the area of development of future natural drugs.
Supplementary MoU on Research Framework of the Indo-German Centre for
Sustainability at IIT, Madras under the National Climate Action Plan.
MoU between Deutsche Bahn and Indian Railways for cooperation in the
field of freight, passenger operations, infrastructure building and
management; development of modern competitive railway organization.
MoU between DB Systel and Centre for Railway Information Systems for
cooperation in the field of information systems related to railways.
MOU between Hof University of Applied Sciences & Integrated Association
of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises of India (SPV formed by Faridabad Small
Industries Association) to develop specialized vocational training course.
MOU between Manipal University, Manipal, India & Bavarian Universities
Consortium represented by Hof University of Applied Sciences of Germany to
establish the Indo-Bavarian Integrated Bachelors and Masters Programme in
MoU between Infosys Ltd and Bertelsmann Stiftung to support Vocational
Education and Training in India.
MOU between PSG Institute of Advanced Studies & Professional Training
Centres of the Bavarian Employers Association (BFZ).
Contract agreement between Cairn India and TUV Rheinland to set up a
state-of-the-art vocational education training facility in Rajasthan.
INDIA AND BANGLADESH
National Thermal Power Corporation of India and Power Development Bangladesh
signed three agreements on 20 April 2013 in Dhaka, Bangladesh. The agreements
were a part of setting up of the biggest ever joint venture project of 1320
Megawatt Coal based power plant. This project is to be developed at an expense
of 1.6 billion US dollars.
The pacts three pacts inked for the 1320MW coal-based Bangladesh-India
Friendship Power Company (Pvt) Limited (BIFPCL) include:
Power Purchase Agreement (PPA)
Implementation Agreement (IA)
Supplementary Joint Venture Agreement (SJVA)
P. Umashankar, Union Power Secretary of India led the Indian delegation at
the signing ceremony of the mega project. The MoU for India’s cooperation in
Power Sector were identified as exchange of power, grid connectivity, energy
efficiency and electricity generation with Bangladesh, during the visit of Prime
Minister Sheikh Hasina to India in January 2011. In January 2013, NTPC and
Bangladesh’s Power Development Board (PDB) signed a Joint Venture Agreement (JVA)
with equal equity participation (50:50) for development of power projects in
Bangladesh. This project is proposed to be developed over an area of 1834 acres
of land near Mongla Seaport in Rampal Upazila. It is the largest ever foreign
investment in the power Sector in Bangladesh as well as the first power plant
that is being developed by NTPC outside India. The power plant will be developed
with a super critical technology. As per the environmentalists, the joint-power
project will be disastrous to the environment and vegetation of the Sunderbans –
the world’s largest mangrove forest. The country has also seen many projects for
the cancellation of the project by the Government.
India and Bangladesh discussed for a Joint Collaboration on Mega-Film on
Manish Tewari, Minister of Information and Broadcasting of India on 11 April
2013 met Hasanul Haq Inu, Bangladesh Minister for Information & Broadcasting and
discussed on different issues including issues related to Information and
Broadcasting sector of the two countries. Both the countries agreed on the issue
of exploring setting up of a Joint Working Group in the Information and
Issues Discussed and Conclusions Reached
Ministers from both the nations discussed upon joint collaboration for
production of a mega film that depicts the War of Liberation. The two
ministers agreed to work on finalization of a road map in context of the
film proposal. The Bangladesh minister asked for the names of the soldiers,
who laid down their lives during the war to recognize them.
Ministers also agreed to explore the possibility of setting up of a
Joint Working Group on the critical sectors of the Information and
Broadcasting domain. The Working Group would provide a roadmap for future
collaborations between the two countries.
A formal request to downlink the TV channels of Bangladesh through the
Private distribution network was made by the Bangladesh Information
Agreement was reached between the two ministers to collaborate between
the Prasar Bharti and Bangladesh State Television in view of the Memorandum
of Understanding that was signed between the two entities in 2011. The MoU
had focused on mutual cooperation in the broadcast of television programmes
between the two broadcasters. It was also mentioned that both countries
could consider exchange of programmes and also explore the possibility of
executive TV co-production.
Discussions on identifying the ways for strengthening collaboration as
far as training and capacity building was concerned between institutions of
Agreement on exchange of archival material between the two countries was
reached between the two ministers, like major policy initiatives undertaken
by the Government for exponential growth of the sector.
INDIA AND CHINA
The two-day India-China counter-terrorism dialogue ended on 12 April 2013 in
Beijing China. The two nations discussed upon the ways to step up cooperation to
counter terror in Afghanistan as a follow up plan after the withdrawal of US
forces from Afghanistan in 2014.
Issues Discussed and Agreed
The two sides exchanged views and opinions on regional and international
counter terrorism situation and bilateral cooperation in the field
Discussions were made on the fragile condition of Afghanistan and
increased attacks from Taliban that would emerge after withdrawal of US
forces from the country, they also discussed upon the initiatives planned to
be taken by India, China and Russia to deal with the situation.
India and China held their First Dialogue on Afghanistan in Beijing
India and China on 18 April 2013 held their first dialogue on Afghanistan in
Beijing in a bid to evolve a joint strategy to deal with much feared possible
return of Taliban and al-Qaeda after the departure of US troops in 2014. India
and China agreed that Afghan issue concerns regional security and stability.
China and India are two important countries in the region and consultations on
Afghanistan help them to coordinate positions, deepen cooperation and contribute
to early settlement of the issue. This is the first time that China held such a
dialogue with India on Afghanistan, expanding consultations with its close ally
Pakistan and Russia.
INDIA AND SINGAPORE
India and Singapore on 2 April 2013 signed an enhanced air services agreement
to build on the existing 216 weekly flights and meet the growing demand for air
connectivity between both the countries. It is evident that the demand for air
services between both countries is growing continuously so the the bilateral air
services agreement in this context is basically enhanced to include more
capacity entitlements. It is also entitled as per the enhancement agreement that
both countries would meet regularly to review air services matters. It is
important here to note that Singapore is linked by air services to 12 Indian
cities, having the most frequent flights to India out of Southeast Asia. The
agreement was signed by Civil Aviation Minister Ajit Singh and Singapore
Transport Minister Liu Tuck Yew. Civil Aviation Minister Ajit Singh was present
in Singapore from 2 April 2013 to 4 April 2013. He had also discussed the
importance of air connectivity in enhancing bilateral trade ties between India
and Singapore, with S Iswaran, Singapore’s Minister, Prime Minister’s Office and
Second Minister for Trade & Industry and Home Affairs.
India and Singapore Signed Memorandum of Understanding on Air Services
India and Singapore on 2 April 2013 signed a new Memorandum of Understanding
(MoU) on bilateral air services arrangement during the visit of Civil Aviation
Minister, Ajit Singh to Singapore. It rationalizes the capacity entitlements of
both countries in terms of seats per week in each direction with a route
specific cap for Singapore on each route. The MoU also enhances, by 10%, the
capacity entitlement with India now entitled to operate 29,400 weekly passenger
seats from India to Singapore and the designated airlines of Singapore entitled
to operate 28,700 weekly passenger seats from Singapore to India. No additional
point of call has been given to Singapore. India also did not agree to the
demand of Singapore for additional point of calls from Pune and Madurai. The
common pool rights to the extent of 5160 seats earlier available to Singapore,
which provided greater operational flexibility to Singapore carriers at major
metro centres viz Chennai, Delhi and Mumbai, have now been withdrawn. The
designated airlines of Singapore can operate with any aircraft type except
A-380. The delegation level talks were held between Prabhat Kumar, Joint
Secretary in the Ministry of Civil Aviation and Yap Ong Heng, Director-General,
Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore. Both the sides have agreed to review and
update the air services agreement and meet every two years to discuss various
air services matters.