(Paper) IBPS Clerk Previous Year Exam Paper "Held on 27-11-2011, 1st Sitting - English Language" (South Zone)

IBPS Clerk Previous Year Exam Paper - 2011

Subject: English Language

Directions (1-15): Read the following passage to answer the given questions based on it. Some words/phrases are printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

Though the U.S. prides itself on being a leader in the world community a recent report shows that it lags far behind other industrialised countries in meeting the needs of its youngest and most vulnerable citizens. The U.S. has a higher infant mortality rate a higher proportion of low birth weight babies, a smaller proportion of babies immunized against childhood diseases and a much higher rate of adolescent pregnancies. These findings described as a “quiet crisis” requiring immediate and far-reaching action appeared in a report prepared by a task force of educators. Doctors, politicians and business people. According to the report, a fourth of the nation’s 12 million infants and toddlers live in poverty. As many as half confront risk factors that could harm their ability to develop intellectually physically and socially. Child immolations are too low more children are born into poverty more are in substandard care while their parents work and more are being raised by single parents. When taken together these and other risk factors can lead to educational and health problems that are much harder and more costly to reverse.
The crisis begins in the womb with unplanned parenthood. Women with unplanned pregnancies are less likely to seek pre-natal care. In the U.S. 80% of teenage pregnancies and 56% of all pregnancies are unplanned. The problems continue after birth where unplanned pregnancies and unstable partnerships often go hand in hand since 1950, the number of single parent families has nearly tripled. More than 25 per cent of all births today are to unmarried mothers. As the number of single parent families grows and more women enter the work force infants and toddlers are increasingly in the care of people other than their parents.

Most disturbingly recent statistics show that American parents are increasingly neglecting or abusing their children. In only four years from 1987-1991 the number of children in foster care increased by over 50 per cent. Babies under the age of one are the fastest growing category of children entering foster care. This crisis affects children under the age of three most severely the report says. Yet it is this period-from Infancy through preschool years-that sets the stage for a child’s future.

1. The main focus of the passage is on the plight of

(1) orphaned children
(2) teenage mothers
(3) low birth weight babies
(4) unwed mother
(5) None of these

2. Children failing in which age group are most severely affected by the ‘quiet crisis’?

(1) Below 1 year
(2) Below 3 year
(3) Below 3 years
(4) Between 2 and 3 years
(5) None of these

3. Which of the following does not constitute the ‘quiet crisis’ in the U.S. as per the task force report?

(1) Lower proportion of new born babies with normal weight
(2) Higher incidence of adolescent girls becoming mothers
(3) Lower rate of babies surviving childhood diseases
(4) Larger proportion of babies who are deprived of immunization
(5) Increasing cases of teenage couples getting divorced

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4. Which of the following statements is not true in the context of the passage?

(1) The number of single-parent families today is approximately three times that four decades ago.
(2) The number of children in the U.S. entering foster care has decreased after 1991.
(3) In the U.S. the number of infants living in poverty is about 3 million.
(4) Only 20 per cent of all the pregnancies in the U.S. are planned.
(5) About 6 million infants in the U.S. are likely to develop educational and health problems.

5. The number of children born to married mothers in the U.S. is approximately how many times the number of children born to unwed mothers?

(1) 1.5 times
(2) 2 times
(3) 3 times
(4) 3.5 times
(5) Not mentioned in the passage

6. Children born out of unplanned pregnancies are highly vulnerable because

(1) they are raised by single parents.
(2) their parents are mostly poor.
(3) they are mostly malnourished.
(4) they are less likely to receive prenatal care.
(5) their parents are emotionally immature.

7. Decide which of the following factors is/ are responsible for the physical, intellectual and social under-development of infants in the U.S.?

A. Illiteracy of parents
B. Lack of parental care
C. Poverty

(1) Only A
(2) Only B
(3) Only C
(4) Both A and C
(5) Both Band C

8. An increasing number of infants in the U.S. are in foster care on account of

(1) an increasing number of single parent families with the female member working
(2) an increasing number of women maintaining the status of unwed motherhood and becoming economically independent
(3) an increasing number of employed couples who are required to stay apart
(4) an increasing number of women getting divorced and abandoning their babies
(5) an increasing number of parents who lack awareness about baby-care

9. The task force report seems to be based on the data pertaining to the period

(1) 1987-91
(2) 1950 onwards till data
(3) 1987 onwards till data
(4) 1950-91
(5) 1991 onwards till date

Directions (60-62): Choose the word which is most nearly the same in meaning to the given word as used in the passage.

10. CONFRONT

(1) Face
(2) Tolerate
(3) Succumb
(4) Eliminate
(5) Oppose

11. VULNERABLE

(1) Insecure
(2) Indispensable
(3) Risky
(4) Promising
(5) Challenging

12. ABUSING

(1) Cursing
(2) Beating
(3) III treating
(4) Accusing
(5) Oppressing

Direction (63-615): Choose the word which is most opposite in meaning to the given word as used in the passage.

13. SEVERELY

(1) Drastically
(2) Intensely
(3) Minutely
(4) Normally
(5) Slightly

14. UNSTABLE

(1) Changing
(2) Steady
(3) Stagnant
(4) Confined
(5) Accelerating

15. SUBSTANDARD

(1) Impoverished
(2) Compassionate
(3) Excellent
(4) Valuable
(5) Beneficial

Directions (16-20): In each question below a sentence with four words printed in bold type is given. These are numbered as (1), (2), (3) and (4). One of these four words printed in bold may be either wrongly spelt or inappropriate in the context of the sentence. Find out the word, which is wrongly spelt or inappropriate, if any. The number of that word is your answer. If all the words printed in bold are correctly spelt and also appropriate in the context of the sentence, mark (5) i.e. ‘All Correct’ as your answer.

16.

Another advantage (1)/ is that technology (2)/ can be quickly (3)/ adapted (4)/ to the client’s needs. All correct (5)

17.

It freed me to enter (1)/ one of the most (2)/ creatively (3)/ periods (4)/ of my life. All correct (5) .

18.

 About 4,500 private (1)/ and 2000 government hospitols (2)/ are empanelled (3)/ under the scheme. (4)/ All correct (5)

19.

 More often (1)/ then (2)/ not we feel concerned (3)/ with the development around (4)/ us. All correct (5)

20.

 Software (1) / makers in India are facing (2)/ a huge (3)/ pressure. (4)/ All correct (5)

Directions (21-25): In each of these questions, two sentences (I) and (II) are given. Each sentence has a blank in it. Five words (1), (2), (3), (4) and (5) are suggested. Out of these, only one fits at both the places in the context of each sentence. Number of that word is the answer. 

21. I. The truck stopped _ .
II. We take a _ walk every day.

(1) suddenly 
(2) long
(3) short
(4) distant
(5) near

22. I. I got the grains _ in the machine,
II. I do not have any _ for doubting him.

(1) done
(2) basis
(3) ground
(4) crushed
(5) tune

23. I. We were asked to design a___ of the dam.
II. This Institute is a ____ of modern thinking.

(1) picture
(2) type
(3) function
(4) fabric
(5) model

24. I. Keep a _ grip on the railing.
II. He was _ asleep.

(1) fast
(2) firm
(3) deep
(4) strong
(5) sure

25. I. He asked me to ___ over the fence.
II. We should keep the valuables in the ____ .

(1) vault
(2) cross
(3) safe
(4) tie
(5) locker
 
Directions (26-30): Which of the phrases (1), (2), (3) and (4) given below should replace the phrase given in bold in the following sentence to make the sentence grammatically meaningful and correct. If the sentence is correct as it is and ‘No correction is required’, mark (5) as the answer.

26. Most of time, strangers have helped me in critical situations.

(1) Many a time
(2) At time
(3) More of time
(4) At odd period
(5) No correction required

27. The reality is that India needs a strong, efficient and competitive aviation sector.

(1) what India needs
(2) that India need
(3) therefore India need
(4) needs India
(5) No correction required

28. I have known this industry since the last two decades.

(1) since last two decade
(2) ever since the last two decades
(3) for the last two decades
(4) from the last two decades
(5) No correction required

29. Today’s children have far most knowledge and far less patience compared to our generation.

(1) much most knowledge
(2) far most knowledgeable
(3) by far higher knowledge
(4) far more knowledge
(5) No correction required

30. Of late, Bonsai trees have attracted the attention of one and all.

(1) some and all
(2) many and all
(3) everyone and all
(4) none and all
(5) No correction required

Directions (31-40): Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical mistake/error in it. The error if any, will be in one part of the sentence. Mark the number of the part with error as your answer. If there is no error, mark (5).

31.

 All companies must (1)/ send its annual report to (2) / its share- holders twenty-one days (3)/ before the Annual General Body Meeting.(4)/ No error (5)

32.

To be an effective manager (1)/ it is vital to (2) / know the goals and vision (3) / of your organization. (4)/ No error (5).

33.

His aim is (1)/ provided cheap and (2)/ reliable internet facilities (3)/ to every village within five years. (4)/ No error (5).

34.

Bank notes have (1) / many special features so (2) / that bank staff can (3)/ easier identity fake notes.(4) / No error (5).

35.

According to the Census Bureau, (1)/ India will have (2)/ a more population (3)/ than China by 2025. (4)/ No error (5).

36.

The state government has (1)/ issued licences to farmers (2)/ allowing them to sell (3)/ its vegetables to hotels. (4)/ No error (5)

37.

Many people decide (1)/ not to buy a car (2)/ last Diwali because of (3)/ the high price of petrol last year. (4) No error (5).

38.

We plan to (1)/ sell part of our (2)/ business therefore we have (3)/ to repay a loan. (4)/ No error (5)

39.

The Reserve Bank of India is (1)/ the only central bank in (2)/ Asia which have (3)/ raised interest rates in September. (4) No error (5)

40.

Under this scheme, (1)/ insurance companies will reimburse (2) / any expenditure on medicines (3)/ if you submitting the original bills. (4)/ No error (5).

Directions (41-50): In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

Today experts all over the world are of the opinion that agriculture will affect the future of the world.
The world has a serious food (41) and the only way to solve (42) is If more people take up (43). Moreover since the 1980s, technology and finance job (44) been the basis of America’s economy. (45) in recent times, fanners’ incomes have risen (46) It has also been a long time (47) fanning was a major source of employment, but data (49) that unemployment in America is (49) in states where farming is the (50) occupation.
As the demand for food is rising what the world needs today is more fanners.

41.

(1) trouble
(2) Problem
(3) doubt
(4) discussion
(5) production

42.

(1) how
(2) usually
(3) it
(4) these
(5) which

43.

(1) farming
(2) time
(3) matter
(4) offer
(5) job

44.

(1) also
(2) has
(3) not
(4) have
(5) were

45.

(1) However
(2) Instead
(3) Despite
(4) Again
(5) Still

46.

(1) much
(2) up
(3) above
(4) sharpy
(5) highly

47.

(1) when
(2) since
(3) while
(4) as
(5) after

48.

(1) collected
(2) informs
(3) calculate
(4) aanlysed
(5) show

49.

(1) lowest
(2) smaller
(3) decreased
(4) important
(5) not

50.

(1) mostly
(2) best
(3) suitable
(4) Supperior
(5) main

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