(Download) LIC Solved Paper: (ADO) Recruitment Exam (Held on
1-10) Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given
below it. Certain words are given in bold to help you to locate them
while answering some of the questions.
and generals talk of military strategies and manoeuvers but something completely
different is needed. Stability will come only when economic opportunities exist,
when youth can find jobs and support families rather than seeking their
livelihood in violence. Peace can only be achieved with a withdrawal of foreign
troops, sanctions and peace-keepers and the arrival of jobs, productive farms
and factories, healthcare and schools. Repeatedly the fragile peace in
impoverished countries has broken down because of the lack of economic
follow-up. Despite promises of aid, the actual record of international aid to
post war reconstruction is deficient.
the war ends agencies involved in post war relief efforts fail to understand how
to start or restart economic development in a low income setting. They squander
time, surplus aid funds and opportunities because they are not familiar with
local conditions and do not under-stand their point of view. There are distinct
phases of outside help to end a conflict. In the first phase focus is on
providing food, water, shelter and medicine to refugees i.e.,
humani-tarian. In the second, emphasis is on the refugees returning home while
in the last phase long term investments and strengthening of courts is the main
once a conflict is over aid agencies sanctioned by the World Bank send study
groups instead of requisite personnel. There is a gap of several years before
moving from humanitarian relief to economic deve-lopment. By the time such help
arrives the war has restarted. It is possible to restart economic develop-ment
through targeted -quick impact initiatives. Most economies in post conflict
countries are based on agri-culture. Providing free packages of seeds,
fertilizers and low cost equip-ment quickly will ensure that former soldiers
will return to their farms and establish their livelihood. But the window of
opportunity closes quickly and one has to implement these measures almost
Which of the following is a reason, post conflict reconstruc-tion efforts have
Aid organizations do not understand issues from the pers-pective of the poor
Rapid economic develop-ment in low income countries
World Bank studies are not valid
International aid organiza-tions become too involved in reconstruction efforts
None of these
Where does the problem lie in implementing post war relief measures ?
Aid agencies fail to study the situation
Economic development measures are too rapid
Focus on economic deve-lopment not humanitarian aid
Lack of funds to implement programmes
Lack of essential and quali-fied personnel
According to the author how can political stability be achieved ?
Increasing the number of foreign troops in areas of conflict
Depending more on foreign aid
Following recommendations given by the World Bank
Providing economic oppor-tunities
None of these
Which of the following is not true in the context of the pas-sage ?
Focus in the first phase of a war is on providing humani-tarian aid
Sanctions are not a means to ensure peace
Adequate time must be taken to plan and implement quick impact strategies
Providing employment to the younger generation will prevent wars
Focus on delivering justice through courts should be in the last phase of
How can economic development be restarted in an impoverished country ?
Long term studies should be commissioned
Retaining soldiers in the army to ensure law and order
Restrict number of aid agencies to avoid waste
Focusing on agricultural ini-tiatives
Deploying peace keepers in the country
What is the benefit of -quick impactâ€™ aid ?
Soldiers earn income from the army and their farms
Providing alternate liveli-hood to soldiers before war can restart
Free land is given to soldiers
Price of equipment is low
None of these
7 and 8) Choose the word that is most nearly the same in meaning
as the word printed in bold as used in the passage.
live (B) fit
create (D) occur
lavish (B) spend
displace (D) lose
9 and 10) Choose the word which is most opposite in meaning of the
word printed in bold as used in the passage.