(Notification) NABARD Grade ‘B’ (RDBS) Officers
Applications are invited from Indian citizens for the post of Manager in
Grade ‘B’ in the Rural Development Banking Service (RDBS) in National Bank for
Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD). Candidates can apply only ON-LINE
on NABARD website www.nabard.org between 16 June 2017 to 07 July 2017.
Before applying, candidates should read all the instructions carefully and
ensure that they fulfil all the eligibility criteria for the post. NABARD would
admit to the Examinations all the candidates applying for the relevant post/s
with the requisite fee (wherever applicable) on the basis of the information
furnished in the ON-LINE application and shall verify their eligibility at the
stage of interview / joining. If at any stage, it is found that any information
furnished in the ON-LINE application is false/ incorrect or if according to the
Bank, the candidate does not satisfy the eligibility criteria for the post, his/
her candidature will be cancelled and he/she will not be allowed to appear for
Candidates are requested to apply only ON-LINE through Bank’s website
www.nabard.org. No other mode of submission of application will be accepted by
Help Facility: In case of any problem in filling up the form, payment
of fee/intimation charges, or in downloading of Admission Letter, complaints may
be made at “Candidate Grievance Lodging and Redressal Mechanism” at http://cgrs.ibps.in/.
Do not forget to mention “NABARD Officer – in Grade ‘B’ (RDBS) – DR” in the
subject of the email.
Important Dates / Timelines
|Online Application Registration and Payment of Online
||From 16 June 2017 to 07 July 2017
|Phase I (Preliminary) – Online Examination (Tentatively)
(The date of Main Exam would be announced on website viz. www.nabard.org
1. NUMBER OF VACANCIES :
||Number of Vacancies
@ Reservation for PWD-OC candidate shall be applied horizontally within the
overall vacancies earmarked for various categories viz., UR, SC, ST and OBC
* Includes 01 backlog vacancy of earlier recruitment
(i) The reservation will be provided for candidates belonging to SC/ST/OBC/PWD
category as per extant Government of India instructions.
(ii) The Bank reserves the right to increase / decrease the number of
vacancies or not to fill up any of the vacancies or cancel the recruitment
process, as per its requirement.
(iii) Candidates belonging to OBC category but coming in the ‘Creamy Layer’
are not entitled to OBC reservation. They should indicate the category as Un
Reserved, i.e., ‘UR’
(iv) Out of 17 vacancies of Manager (RDBS), 01 post of Manager (RDBS-General)
is reserved for Persons With Disabilities (PWD-OC).
(v) PWD candidates will be eligible for age relaxation and exemption from
payment of application fee. However, they will have to pay the intimation
2. POSTS IDENTIFIED FOR PWD
|Type of disability
||Nature of Disability
||BL, OA, OL
||Manager (RDBS-General) – 01
Expansion of abbreviations used in the above table:
BL - Both legs affected but not arms; OA - One arm affected (R or L) a)
impaired reach, b) weakness of grip, c) ataxia; OL - One leg affected (R or L)
a) impaired reach, b) weakness of grip.
Note for PWD:
(i) OC: Only those OC applicants who have locomotor disability or cerebral
palsy with locomotor impairment of minimum of 40% and only those who fall in the
following categories are eligible to apply:
BL - Both legs affected but not arms
OA - One arm affected (R or L) - (a) Impaired reach;
(b) Weakness of grip; (c) ataxia
OL - One leg affected (R and / or L)
MW - Muscular weakness and limited physical endurance
(ii) Guidelines for persons with disabilities using a Scribe
The visually impaired candidates and candidates whose writing speed is
adversely affected permanently for any reason can use their own scribe at their
cost during the online examination, subject to limits as in (ii) and (iii)
below. In all such cases where a scribe is used, the following rules will apply:
a. The candidate will have to arrange his/her own scribe at his/her own cost.
b. The scribe arranged by the candidate should not be a candidate for the
same examination. If violation of the above is detected at any stage of the
process, candidature of both the candidate and the scribe will be cancelled.
c. Candidates eligible for and who wish to use the services of a scribe in
the examination should carefully indicate the same in the online application
form. Any subsequent request may not be favourably entertained.
d. A person acting as a scribe for one candidate cannot be a scribe for
another candidate. The scribe may be from any academic stream. However, for
Specialist Officers’ posts the scribe should be from an academic stream
different from that prescribed for the post.
e. Both the candidate as well as scribe will have to give a suitable
undertaking confirming that the scribe fulfils all the stipulated eligibility
criteria for a scribe mentioned above.
f. Further, in case it later transpires that he/she did not fulfil any laid
down eligibility criteria or suppressed material facts the candidature of the
applicant will stand cancelled, irrespective of the result of the online
g. Those candidates who use a scribe shall be eligible for compensatory time
of 20 minutes for every hour of the examination or as otherwise advised. h. Only
candidates registered for compensatory time will be allowed such concessions
since compensatory time given to candidates shall be system based, it shall not
be possible for the test conducting agency to allow such time if he / she is not
registered for the same. i. Candidates not registered for compensatory time
shall not be allowed such concessions.
(v) Guidelines for Candidates with locomotor disability and cerebral palsy
A compensatory time of twenty minutes per hour or otherwise advised shall be
permitted for the candidates with locomotor disability and cerebral palsy where
dominant (writing) extremity is affected to the extent of slowing the
performance of function (minimum of 40% impairment).
3. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA
a) Educational Qualification (as on 01.06.2017)
A candidate can apply for Manager (RDBS) under only one option from among the
options given at Table-I (a) & (b). It is clarified that candidate applying for
Manager (RDBS)-General cannot apply for Manager (RDBS)-Agriculture and vice a
In case of applications for both the posts, the last application submitted will
be considered valid and fee against the other application will be forfeited.
PWD candidates applying against Unreserved posts will not be eligible for
relaxation in percentage in Educational Qualification. They may, however, be
eligible for relaxation in Age and Fee.
(a) Manager (RDBS) - General
Bachelor’s Degree in any subject from any recognized University with a
minimum of 60% marks (SC/ST/PWD applicants 55%) in aggregate or Post Graduate
degree with a minimum of 55% marks (SC/ST/PWD applicants 50%) in aggregate from
a recognized university.
b) Manager (RDBS) - Agriculture
Bachelor’s Degree in Agriculture with 60% marks (SC/ST applicants 55%) in
aggregate or Post Graduate degree in Agriculture with a minimum of 55% marks
(SC/ST applicants 50%) in aggregate or its equivalent grade from a recognized
NOTE: All educational qualifications should have been obtained from
Universities / Institutions incorporated by an Act of Central or State
legislature in India or other educational institutions established by an Act of
Parliament or declared to be deemed as a University under Section – 3 of UGC Act
1956 or possess an equivalent qualification
i) Percentage of marks for the purpose of Educational Qualification will be
with reference to the total marks obtained by the applicant in all the papers of
the examination(s) that are considered for award of the graduation /
postgraduate or other equivalent degree, as the case may be, by the concerned
Some Universities/Institutes do not award Class or percentage of marks and allot
Aggregate Grade Points (e.g. CGPA/OGPA/CPI, etc.). In case University/Institute
defines criteria for conversion of Aggregate Grade Point into Class and/or
percentage of marks, the same will be accepted. However, where the
University/Institute does not define criteria for conversion of Aggregate Grade
Point into Class and/or percentage of marks, the undefined parameter(s) would be
worked out as under :
Equivalent CGPA/ OGPA/ CPI or
similar terminologies allotted on a
||Aggregate % of Marks
ii) Aggregate Grade Point or percentage of marks whereever awarded would mean
aggregate over the entire duration of the course.
iii) Where the Aggregate Grade Point (CGPA/OGPA/CPI, etc.) is awarded out of a
number other than 10, it will be normalized out of 10 and computed as per
item (i) above.
b. Age (as on 01.06.2017)
The candidate must have attained the age of 21yrs and must not have attained
the age of 35 years as on 01.06.2017, i.e., the candidate must have been born
not earlier than 02.06.1982 and not later than 01.06.1996).
Relaxation in Upper Age Limit: Upper age limit may be relaxed by -
03 years in case of eligible OBC applicants,
05 years in case of following applicants:
a. Applicants belonging to SC/ST,
b. Ex-servicemen (including Emergency Commissioned Officers/Short Service
Commissioned Officers) provided that the applicants have rendered at least five
years continuous Military Service and have been released on completion of
assignment (including those whose assignment is due to be completed within one
year) otherwise than by way of dismissal or discharge on account of misconduct
or inefficiency or on account of physical disability or have been released on
account of physical disability attributable to Military Service or on
c. Emergency Commissioned Officers/Short Service Commissioned Officers who
have completed their initial period of assignment of five years of Military
Service but whose assignment has been extended beyond five years and in whose
case, on selection, the Ministry of Defence issues certificates that they would
be released within 03 months from the date of receipt of offer of appointment,
d. Applicants who had ordinarily been domiciled in Kashmir Division of the
State of Jammu and Kashmir during the period 01 January 1980 to 31 December 1989
e. Children/family members of victims died in the 1984 riots.
Maximum Age relaxation permissible: 10 years for PWD (General); 13 years for
PWD (OBC) and 15 years for PWD (SC/ST) applicants.
NOTE: NO CUMULATIVE AGE RELAXATION WILL BE AVAILABLE TO ANY APPLICANT, SAVE
AS PROVIDED ABOVE.
4. SELECTION PROCEDURE:
The selection will be in three Phases as furnished below:
1. Manager in Grade ‘B’ (RDBS)
Phase I – Preliminary Examination (Online Exam)
Objective Type: MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions) carrying 200 marks.
Duration: 120 Minutes Composite Time i
i) Test of Reasoning – 20 marks
ii) English Language – 40 marks
iii) Computer Knowledge –20 marks
iv) General Awareness – 20 marks
v) Quantitative Aptitude – 20 marks
vi) Economic & Social Issues (with focus on Rural India) –40 marks vii)
Agriculture & Rural Development (with focus on Rural India) - 40 marks Total
Phase II – Main Examination will be online and will be a mix of MCQ and
Paper - I (Writing skills online through key board) General English:
The paper will have descriptive questions carrying 100 marks. Duration: 1 ½
The analytical and drafting ability of the candidate shall be assessed from
the Descriptive English paper through essay writing, comprehension, report
writing, paragraph writing & Letter writing. Paper–II (MCQ) Economic and
Social Issues and Agri. and Rural Development (with focus on Rural India)
for General Posts and Agriculture for candidates applying for Manager (RDBS)
Agriculture Post Duration: 1 ½ hrs. – 100 Mark Paper–III (MCQ) Development
Economics, Statistics, Finance & Management Duration: 1 ½ hrs. – 100 Mark
Phase III – Interview Applicants qualifying in the Phase-II Examination and
securing sufficiently high rank in merit shall be short-listed for
interview. Marks forInterview : 40 Marks
(i) The Preliminary Examination is only qualifying in nature and is meant to
serve as a screening test. Candidates who qualify and rank sufficiently high as
decided by NABARD, shall be called for appearing in the Main Examination. The
calling ratio for Main Exam shall be 1:25. There will be penalty for wrong
answers marked by the candidate.
(ii) For every wrong answer marked, 1/4th of the marks assigned to that
question will be deducted as penalty in Phase I and Phase II, both. Cut-offs in
Phase I and Phase II may be applied in two stages : (i) On scores in individual
tests, (ii) On Total Score
(iii) Since the vacancies are for General and Agriculture candidates,
separately, merit list of candidates for each stage will be prepared separately.
(iv) The final selection and ranking of the applicants for the post of
Manager in Grade ‘B’ (RDBS) will be based on their performance in the Phase-II
Main Examination and Interview, taken together.
(v) With a view to overcoming the possibility of applicants seeking help of
other applicants during the Preliminary / Main Exam, the Bank would be analysing
the responses of applicants in the Preliminary/Main Examination with other
appeared applicants to detect patterns of similarity of right and wrong answers.
On the basis of such an analysis, if it is suspected that the responses have
been shared and scores obtained are not genuine/ valid, the Bank reserves the
right to cancel the candidature of the suspected applicants. Hence the
applicants are advised in their own interest not to indulge in any unfair
practice in the exams.
Illustrative syllabus for Phase II (Main Examination) may be as furnished
Paper I - English (Online Descriptive Paper): Essay, Precis writing,
Comprehension and Business/Office Correspondence. (Common for both General and
Paper II - Economic & Social Issues and Agriculture & Rural Development (For
Economic & Social Issues: Nature of Indian Economy - Structural and
Institutional features - Economic underdevelopment - Opening up the Indian
Economy - Globalisation - Economic Reforms in India - Privatisation. Inflation -
Trends in Inflation & their Impact on National Economy and Individual Income.
Employment Generation in India - Rural and Urban - Measurement of Poverty -
Poverty Alleviation Programmes of the Government. Population Trends - Population
Growth and Economic Development - Population Policy in India. Agriculture -
Characteristics / Status - Technical and Institutional changes in Indian
Agriculture - Agricultural performance - Issues in Food Security in India - Non
Institutional and Institutional Agencies in rural credit. Industry - Industrial
and Labour Policy - Industrial performance - Regional Imbalance in India's
Industrial Development - Public Sector Enterprises. Rural banking and financial
institutions in India - Reforms in Banking/ Financial sector. Globalisation of
Economy - Role of International Funding Institutions - IMF & World Bank - WTO -
Regional Economic Co-operation. Social Structure in India - Multiculturalism -
Demographic trends - Urbanisation and Migration - Gender Issues Joint family
system - Social Infrastructure - Education - Health and Environment. Education -
Status & System of Education - Socio -Economic Problems associated with
Illiteracy - Educational relevance and educational wastage - Educational Policy
for India. Social Justice: Problems of scheduled castes and scheduled tribes -
socio-economic programmes for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes and other
backward classes. Positive Discrimination in favour of the under privileged -
Social Movements - Indian Political Systems - Human Development. Current
Economic & Social Issues.
Agriculture and Rural Development:
Agriculture: definition, meaning and its branches, Agronomy: definition,
meaning and scope of agronomy. Classification of field crops. Factors affecting
on crop production, Agro Climatic Zones; Cropping Systems: Definition and types
of cropping systems. Problems of dry land agriculture; Seed production, seed
processing, seed village; Meteorology: weather parameters, crop-weather
advisory; Precision Farming, System of Crop Intensification, organic farming;
a) Soil and Water Conservation : Major soil types, soil fertility,
fertilisers, soil erosion, soil conservation, watershed management;
b) Water Resource: Irrigation Management: types of irrigation, sources of
irrigation, crop-water requirement, command area development, water conservation
techniques, micro-irrigation, irrigation-pumps, major, medium and minor
c) Farm and Agri Engineering : Farm Machinery and Power, Sources of power on
the farm- human, animal, mechanical, electrical, wind, solar and biomass, bio
fuels, water harvesting structures, farm ponds, watershed management, Agro
Processing, Controlled and modified storage, perishable food storage, godowns,
bins and grain silos.
d) Plantation & Horticulture : Definition, meaning and its branches.
Agronomic practices and production technology of various plantation and
horticulture crops. Post-harvest management, value and supply chain management
of Plantation and Horticulture crops.
e) Animal Husbandry : Farm animals and their role in Indian economy, Animal
husbandry methods in India, common terms pertaining to different species of
livestock, Utility classification of breeds of cattle. Introduction to common
feeds and fodders, their classification and utility.
Introduction to poultry industry in India (past, present and future status ),
Common terms pertaining to poultry production and management. Concept of mixed
farming and its relevance to socio-economic conditions of farmers in India.
Complimentary and obligatory nature of livestock and poultry production with
that of agricultural farming.
f) Fisheries: Fisheries resources, management and exploitation - freshwater,
brackish-water and marine; Aquaculture- Inland and marine; biotechnology;
post-harvest technology. Importance of fisheries in India. Common terms
pertaining to fish production.
g) Forestry: Basic concepts of Forest and Forestry. Principles of
silviculture, forest mensuration, forest management and forest economics.
Concepts of social forestry, agroforestry, joint forest management. Forest
policy and legislation in India, India State of Forest Report 2015. Recent
developments under Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
h) Agriculture Extension: Its importance and role, methods of evaluation of
extension programmes, Role of Krishi Vigyan Kendra's (KVK) in dissemination of
i) Ecology and Climate Change: Ecology and its relevance to man, natural
resources, their sustainable management and conservation. Causes of climate
change, Green House Gases (GHG), major GHG emitting countries, climate analysis,
distinguish between adaptation and mitigation, climate change impact to
agriculture and rural livelihood, carbon credit, IPCC, UNFCCC, CoP meetings,
funding mechanisms for climate change projects, initiatives by Govt of India,
NAPCC, SAPCC, INDC
j) Present Scenario of Indian Agriculture and Allied activities; recent
trends, major challenges in agriculture measures to enhance viability of
agriculture. Factors of Production in agriculture; Agricultural Finance and
Marketing; Impact of
Globalization on Indian Agriculture and issues of Food Security; Concept and
Types of Farm Management.
Rural Development - Concept of Rural Area, Structure of the Indian
Rural Economy-Importance and role of the rural sector in India- Economic, Social
and Demographic Characteristics of the Indian rural economy, causes of rural
Rural population in India; Occupational structure, Farmers, Agricultural
Labourers, Artisans, Handicrafts, Traders, Forest dwellers/tribes and others in
rural India- Trends of change in rural population and rural work force; problems
and conditions of rural labour; Issues and challenges in Handlooms
Panchayati Raj Institutions – Functions and Working. MGNREGA, NRLM – Aajeevika,
Rural Drinking water Programmes, Swachh Bharat, Rural housing, PURA and other
rural development programmes.
Paper II - Agriculture (For Agriculture Posts)
Food production and consumption trends in India. Food security and growing
population - Vision 2020. National and international food policies. Production,
procurement, distribution constraints. Availability of food grains, per capita
expenditure on food. Trends in poverty, Public Distribution System and Below
Poverty Line population, Targeted Public Distribution System (PDS), policy
implementation in context to globalization. Processing constraints. Relation of
food production to National Dietary Guidelines and food consumption pattern.
Food based dietary approaches to eliminate hunger. Nutrient deficiency - Micro
nutrient deficiency: Protein Energy Malnutrition or Protein Calorie Malnutrition
(PEM or PCM), Micro nutrient deficiency and HRD in context of work capacity of
women and children. Food grain productivity and food security.
Ecology and its relevance to man, natural resources, their sustainable
management and conservation. Physical and social environment as factors of crop
distribution and production. Agro ecology; cropping pattern as indicators of
environments. Environmental pollution and associated hazards to crops, animals
and humans. Climate change - International conventions and global initiatives.
Greenhouse effect and global warming. Advance tools for ecosystem analysis -
Remote sensing (RS) and Geographic Information Systems (GIS).
Cropping patterns in different agro-climatic zones of the country. Impact of
high yielding and short-duration varieties on shifts in cropping patterns.
Concepts of various cropping and farming systems. Organic and Precision farming.
Package of practices for production of important cereals, pulses, oil seeds,
fibres, sugar, commercial and fodder crops.
Important features and scope of various types of forestry plantations such as
social forestry, agro-forestry, and natural forests. Propagation of forest
plants. Forest products. Agro forestry and value addition. Conservation of
forest flora and fauna.
Weeds, their characteristics, dissemination and association with various
crops; their multiplications; cultural, biological, and chemical control of
weeds. Soil- physical, chemical and biological properties. Processes and factors
of soil formation. Soils of India. Mineral and organic constituents of soils and
their role in maintaining soil productivity. Essential plant nutrients and other
beneficial elements in soils and plants. Principles of soil fertility, soil
testing and fertilizer recommendations, integrated nutrient management,
Bio-fertilizers. Losses of nitrogen in soil, nitrogen-use efficiency in
submerged rice soils, nitrogen fixation in soils. Efficient phosphorus and
potassium use. Problem soils and their reclamation. Soil factors affecting
greenhouse gas emission.
Soil conservation, integrated watershed management. Soil erosion and its
management. Dry land agriculture and its problems. Technology for stabilizing
agriculture production in rain fed areas. Water-use efficiency in relation to
crop production, criteria for scheduling irrigations, ways and means of reducing
runoff losses of irrigation water. Rainwater harvesting. Drip and sprinkler
irrigation. Drainage of waterlogged soils, quality of irrigation water, effect
of industrial effluents on soil and water pollution. Irrigation projects in
Farm management, scope, importance and characteristics, farm planning.
Optimum resource use and budgeting. Economics of different types of farming
systems. Marketing management - strategies for development, market intelligence.
Price fluctuations and their cost; role of co-operatives in agricultural
economy; types and systems of farming and factors affecting them. Agricultural
price policy. Crop Insurance.
Agricultural extension, its importance and role, methods of evaluation of
extension programmes, socio-economic survey and status of big, small and
marginal farmers and landless agricultural labourers. Training programmes for
extension workers. Role of Krishi Vigyan Kendra's (KVK) in dissemination of
agricultural technologies. Non-Government Organization (NGO) and self-help group
approach for rural development
Cell structure, function and cell cycle. Synthesis, structure and function of
genetic material. Laws of heredity. Chromosome structure, chromosomal
aberrations, linkage and cross-over, and their significance in recombination
breeding. Polyploidy, euploids and aneuploids. Mutations - and their role in
crop improvement. Heritability, sterility and incompatibility, classification
and their application in crop improvement. Cytoplasmic inheritance, sex-linked,
sex-influenced and sex-limited characters.
History of plant breeding. Modes of reproduction, selfing and crossing
techniques. Origin, evolution and domestication of crop plants, center of
origin, law of homologous series, crop genetic resources conservation and
utilization. Application of principles of plant breeding, improvement of crop
plants. Molecular markers and their application in plant improvement. Pure-line
selection, pedigree, mass and recurrent selections, combining ability, its
significance in plant breeding. Heterosis and its exploitation. Somatic
hybridization. Breeding for disease and pest resistance. Role of interspecific
and intergeneric hybridization. Role of genetic engineering and biotechnology in
crop improvement. Genetically modified crop plants.
Seed production and processing technologies. Seed certification, seed testing
and storage. DNA finger printing and seed registration. Role of public and
private sectors in seed production and marketing. Intellectual Property Rights (IPR)
issues, WTO issues and its impact on Agriculture.
Principles of Plant Physiology with reference to plant nutrition, absorption,
translocation and metabolism of nutrients. Soil - water- plant relationship.
Major fruits, plantation crops, vegetables, spices and flower crops. Package
of practices of major horticultural crops. Protected cultivation and high tech
horticulture. Post-harvest technology and value addition of fruits and
vegetables. Landscaping and commercial floriculture. Medicinal and aromatic
plants. Role of fruits and vegetables in human nutrition.
Diagnosis of pests and diseases of field crops, vegetables, orchard and
plantation crops and their economic importance. Classification of pests and
diseases and their management. Integrated pest and disease management. Storage
pests and their management. Biological control of pests and diseases.
Epidemiology and forecasting of major crop pests and diseases. Plant quarantine
measures. Pesticides, their formulation and modes of action.
Paper – III - Analytical Paper on Development Economics, Statistics,
Finance and Management (Common for General & Specialised Posts)
Development Economics: Measures of development, Economic Development
Models, role of subsidies, importance of savings and investment, Importance of
agriculture, Terms of trade in agriculture, Development issues in India – Post
Statistics: Basic statistical concepts, Summarizing of data, Frequency
distribution, Measures of Central Tendency, Relative dispersion, Elementary
Probability, Relative Frequency Approach, sampling, Axiomatic Approach, Analysis
of frequency distribution, Correlation, Regression, Sampling Methods, Time
Finance: Financial system in India; Regulation of Banks & Financial
Institutions, Banking and financial Institutions in India; financial system-
features, characteristics and issues; Micro finance, its significance and
importance; Union Budget; Project finance- Assessment and Sources for block
capital, working capital, Infrastructure financing- Risk Management in Banking
Sector, Sources of capital, instruments and methods, salient features;
Development finance- scope and needs of development finance; Concept of project
cycle management, Private and Social Cost Benefit significance of development
finance, , Financial Inclusion – Use of Technology, Public Private Partnership,
Management: Management: its nature and scope; The Management Processes;
Planning, Organisation, Staffing, Directing and Controlling; The Role of a
Manager in an Organisation.
Leadership: The Tasks of a Leader; Leadership Styles; Leadership
Theories; A successful Leader versus an effective Leader.
a) Human Resource Development: Concept of HRD; Goals of HRD;
Performance Appraisal - Potential appraisal and development - Performance
Counselling - Career Planning - Training and Development - Rewards - Employee
Welfare. Motivation, Morale and Incentives: Theories of Motivation; How Managers
Motivate; Concept of Morale; Factors determining morale; Role of Incentives in
Building up Morale.
b) Communication: Steps in the Communication Process; Communication
Channels; Oral versus Written Communication; Verbal versus non-verbal
Enzymes and plant pigments; photosynthesis- modern concepts and factors
affecting the process, aerobic and anaerobic respiration; C3, C4 and CAM
mechanisms. Carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism. Growth and development;
photoperiodism and vernalilzation. Plant growth substances and their role in
crop production. Physiology of seed development and germination; dormancy.
Stress physiology - draught, salt and water stress.
upward, downward and lateral communication; Barriers to Communication, Role of
Information Technology. Corporate Governance: Factors affecting Corporate
Governance; Mechanisms of Corporate Governance.
No syllabus is prescribed for Phase – I examination papers. However, candidates
may use the above syllabus for relevant sections of Phase I examination wherever
Courtesy : NABARD