(Syllabus) NABARD Grade ‘B’ (RDBS) Officers
Illustrative syllabus for Phase II (Main Examination) may be as furnished
Paper I - English (Online Descriptive Paper): Essay, Precis writing,
Comprehension and Business/Office Correspondence. (Common for both General and
Paper II - Economic & Social Issues and Agriculture & Rural Development (For
Economic & Social Issues: Nature of Indian Economy - Structural and
Institutional features - Economic underdevelopment - Opening up the Indian
Economy - Globalisation - Economic Reforms in India - Privatisation. Inflation -
Trends in Inflation & their Impact on National Economy and Individual Income.
Employment Generation in India - Rural and Urban - Measurement of Poverty -
Poverty Alleviation Programmes of the Government. Population Trends - Population
Growth and Economic Development - Population Policy in India. Agriculture -
Characteristics / Status - Technical and Institutional changes in Indian
Agriculture - Agricultural performance - Issues in Food Security in India - Non
Institutional and Institutional Agencies in rural credit. Industry - Industrial
and Labour Policy - Industrial performance - Regional Imbalance in India's
Industrial Development - Public Sector Enterprises. Rural banking and financial
institutions in India - Reforms in Banking/ Financial sector. Globalisation of
Economy - Role of International Funding Institutions - IMF & World Bank - WTO -
Regional Economic Co-operation. Social Structure in India - Multiculturalism -
Demographic trends - Urbanisation and Migration - Gender Issues Joint family
system - Social Infrastructure - Education - Health and Environment. Education -
Status & System of Education - Socio -Economic Problems associated with
Illiteracy - Educational relevance and educational wastage - Educational Policy
for India. Social Justice: Problems of scheduled castes and scheduled tribes -
socio-economic programmes for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes and other
backward classes. Positive Discrimination in favour of the under privileged -
Social Movements - Indian Political Systems - Human Development. Current
Economic & Social Issues.
Agriculture and Rural Development:
Agriculture: definition, meaning and its branches, Agronomy: definition,
meaning and scope of agronomy. Classification of field crops. Factors affecting
on crop production, Agro Climatic Zones; Cropping Systems: Definition and types
of cropping systems. Problems of dry land agriculture; Seed production, seed
processing, seed village; Meteorology: weather parameters, crop-weather
advisory; Precision Farming, System of Crop Intensification, organic farming;
a) Soil and Water Conservation : Major soil types, soil fertility,
fertilisers, soil erosion, soil conservation, watershed management;
b) Water Resource: Irrigation Management: types of irrigation, sources of
irrigation, crop-water requirement, command area development, water conservation
techniques, micro-irrigation, irrigation-pumps, major, medium and minor
c) Farm and Agri Engineering : Farm Machinery and Power, Sources of power on
the farm- human, animal, mechanical, electrical, wind, solar and biomass, bio
fuels, water harvesting structures, farm ponds, watershed management, Agro
Processing, Controlled and modified storage, perishable food storage, godowns,
bins and grain silos.
d) Plantation & Horticulture : Definition, meaning and its branches.
Agronomic practices and production technology of various plantation and
horticulture crops. Post-harvest management, value and supply chain management
of Plantation and Horticulture crops.
e) Animal Husbandry : Farm animals and their role in Indian economy, Animal
husbandry methods in India, common terms pertaining to different species of
livestock, Utility classification of breeds of cattle. Introduction to common
feeds and fodders, their classification and utility.
Introduction to poultry industry in India (past, present and future status ),
Common terms pertaining to poultry production and management. Concept of mixed
farming and its relevance to socio-economic conditions of farmers in India.
Complimentary and obligatory nature of livestock and poultry production with
that of agricultural farming.
f) Fisheries: Fisheries resources, management and exploitation - freshwater,
brackish-water and marine; Aquaculture- Inland and marine; biotechnology;
post-harvest technology. Importance of fisheries in India. Common terms
pertaining to fish production.
g) Forestry: Basic concepts of Forest and Forestry. Principles of
silviculture, forest mensuration, forest management and forest economics.
Concepts of social forestry, agroforestry, joint forest management. Forest
policy and legislation in India, India State of Forest Report 2015. Recent
developments under Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
h) Agriculture Extension: Its importance and role, methods of evaluation of
extension programmes, Role of Krishi Vigyan Kendra's (KVK) in dissemination of
i) Ecology and Climate Change: Ecology and its relevance to man, natural
resources, their sustainable management and conservation. Causes of climate
change, Green House Gases (GHG), major GHG emitting countries, climate analysis,
distinguish between adaptation and mitigation, climate change impact to
agriculture and rural livelihood, carbon credit, IPCC, UNFCCC, CoP meetings,
funding mechanisms for climate change projects, initiatives by Govt of India,
NAPCC, SAPCC, INDC
j) Present Scenario of Indian Agriculture and Allied activities; recent
trends, major challenges in agriculture measures to enhance viability of
agriculture. Factors of Production in agriculture; Agricultural Finance and
Marketing; Impact of
Globalization on Indian Agriculture and issues of Food Security; Concept and
Types of Farm Management.
Rural Development - Concept of Rural Area, Structure of the Indian
Rural Economy-Importance and role of the rural sector in India- Economic, Social
and Demographic Characteristics of the Indian rural economy, causes of rural
Rural population in India; Occupational structure, Farmers, Agricultural
Labourers, Artisans, Handicrafts, Traders, Forest dwellers/tribes and others in
rural India- Trends of change in rural population and rural work force; problems
and conditions of rural labour; Issues and challenges in Handlooms
Panchayati Raj Institutions – Functions and Working. MGNREGA, NRLM – Aajeevika,
Rural Drinking water Programmes, Swachh Bharat, Rural housing, PURA and other
rural development programmes.
Paper II - Agriculture (For Agriculture Posts)
Food production and consumption trends in India. Food security and growing
population - Vision 2020. National and international food policies. Production,
procurement, distribution constraints. Availability of food grains, per capita
expenditure on food. Trends in poverty, Public Distribution System and Below
Poverty Line population, Targeted Public Distribution System (PDS), policy
implementation in context to globalization. Processing constraints. Relation of
food production to National Dietary Guidelines and food consumption pattern.
Food based dietary approaches to eliminate hunger. Nutrient deficiency - Micro
nutrient deficiency: Protein Energy Malnutrition or Protein Calorie Malnutrition
(PEM or PCM), Micro nutrient deficiency and HRD in context of work capacity of
women and children. Food grain productivity and food security.
Ecology and its relevance to man, natural resources, their sustainable
management and conservation. Physical and social environment as factors of crop
distribution and production. Agro ecology; cropping pattern as indicators of
environments. Environmental pollution and associated hazards to crops, animals
and humans. Climate change - International conventions and global initiatives.
Greenhouse effect and global warming. Advance tools for ecosystem analysis -
Remote sensing (RS) and Geographic Information Systems (GIS).
Cropping patterns in different agro-climatic zones of the country. Impact of
high yielding and short-duration varieties on shifts in cropping patterns.
Concepts of various cropping and farming systems. Organic and Precision farming.
Package of practices for production of important cereals, pulses, oil seeds,
fibres, sugar, commercial and fodder crops.
Important features and scope of various types of forestry plantations such as
social forestry, agro-forestry, and natural forests. Propagation of forest
plants. Forest products. Agro forestry and value addition. Conservation of
forest flora and fauna.
Weeds, their characteristics, dissemination and association with various
crops; their multiplications; cultural, biological, and chemical control of
weeds. Soil- physical, chemical and biological properties. Processes and factors
of soil formation. Soils of India. Mineral and organic constituents of soils and
their role in maintaining soil productivity. Essential plant nutrients and other
beneficial elements in soils and plants. Principles of soil fertility, soil
testing and fertilizer recommendations, integrated nutrient management,
Bio-fertilizers. Losses of nitrogen in soil, nitrogen-use efficiency in
submerged rice soils, nitrogen fixation in soils. Efficient phosphorus and
potassium use. Problem soils and their reclamation. Soil factors affecting
greenhouse gas emission.
Soil conservation, integrated watershed management. Soil erosion and its
management. Dry land agriculture and its problems. Technology for stabilizing
agriculture production in rain fed areas. Water-use efficiency in relation to
crop production, criteria for scheduling irrigations, ways and means of reducing
runoff losses of irrigation water. Rainwater harvesting. Drip and sprinkler
irrigation. Drainage of waterlogged soils, quality of irrigation water, effect
of industrial effluents on soil and water pollution. Irrigation projects in
Farm management, scope, importance and characteristics, farm planning.
Optimum resource use and budgeting. Economics of different types of farming
systems. Marketing management - strategies for development, market intelligence.
Price fluctuations and their cost; role of co-operatives in agricultural
economy; types and systems of farming and factors affecting them. Agricultural
price policy. Crop Insurance.
Agricultural extension, its importance and role, methods of evaluation of
extension programmes, socio-economic survey and status of big, small and
marginal farmers and landless agricultural labourers. Training programmes for
extension workers. Role of Krishi Vigyan Kendra's (KVK) in dissemination of
agricultural technologies. Non-Government Organization (NGO) and self-help group
approach for rural development
Cell structure, function and cell cycle. Synthesis, structure and function of
genetic material. Laws of heredity. Chromosome structure, chromosomal
aberrations, linkage and cross-over, and their significance in recombination
breeding. Polyploidy, euploids and aneuploids. Mutations - and their role in
crop improvement. Heritability, sterility and incompatibility, classification
and their application in crop improvement. Cytoplasmic inheritance, sex-linked,
sex-influenced and sex-limited characters.
History of plant breeding. Modes of reproduction, selfing and crossing
techniques. Origin, evolution and domestication of crop plants, center of
origin, law of homologous series, crop genetic resources conservation and
utilization. Application of principles of plant breeding, improvement of crop
plants. Molecular markers and their application in plant improvement. Pure-line
selection, pedigree, mass and recurrent selections, combining ability, its
significance in plant breeding. Heterosis and its exploitation. Somatic
hybridization. Breeding for disease and pest resistance. Role of interspecific
and intergeneric hybridization. Role of genetic engineering and biotechnology in
crop improvement. Genetically modified crop plants.
Seed production and processing technologies. Seed certification, seed testing
and storage. DNA finger printing and seed registration. Role of public and
private sectors in seed production and marketing. Intellectual Property Rights (IPR)
issues, WTO issues and its impact on Agriculture.
Principles of Plant Physiology with reference to plant nutrition, absorption,
translocation and metabolism of nutrients. Soil - water- plant relationship.
Major fruits, plantation crops, vegetables, spices and flower crops. Package
of practices of major horticultural crops. Protected cultivation and high tech
horticulture. Post-harvest technology and value addition of fruits and
vegetables. Landscaping and commercial floriculture. Medicinal and aromatic
plants. Role of fruits and vegetables in human nutrition.
Diagnosis of pests and diseases of field crops, vegetables, orchard and
plantation crops and their economic importance. Classification of pests and
diseases and their management. Integrated pest and disease management. Storage
pests and their management. Biological control of pests and diseases.
Epidemiology and forecasting of major crop pests and diseases. Plant quarantine
measures. Pesticides, their formulation and modes of action.
Paper – III - Analytical Paper on Development Economics, Statistics,
Finance and Management (Common for General & Specialised Posts)
Development Economics: Measures of development, Economic Development
Models, role of subsidies, importance of savings and investment, Importance of
agriculture, Terms of trade in agriculture, Development issues in India – Post
Statistics: Basic statistical concepts, Summarizing of data, Frequency
distribution, Measures of Central Tendency, Relative dispersion, Elementary
Probability, Relative Frequency Approach, sampling, Axiomatic Approach, Analysis
of frequency distribution, Correlation, Regression, Sampling Methods, Time
Finance: Financial system in India; Regulation of Banks & Financial
Institutions, Banking and financial Institutions in India; financial system-
features, characteristics and issues; Micro finance, its significance and
importance; Union Budget; Project finance- Assessment and Sources for block
capital, working capital, Infrastructure financing- Risk Management in Banking
Sector, Sources of capital, instruments and methods, salient features;
Development finance- scope and needs of development finance; Concept of project
cycle management, Private and Social Cost Benefit significance of development
finance, , Financial Inclusion – Use of Technology, Public Private Partnership,
Management: Management: its nature and scope; The Management Processes;
Planning, Organisation, Staffing, Directing and Controlling; The Role of a
Manager in an Organisation.
Leadership: The Tasks of a Leader; Leadership Styles; Leadership
Theories; A successful Leader versus an effective Leader.
a) Human Resource Development: Concept of HRD; Goals of HRD;
Performance Appraisal - Potential appraisal and development - Performance
Counselling - Career Planning - Training and Development - Rewards - Employee
Welfare. Motivation, Morale and Incentives: Theories of Motivation; How Managers
Motivate; Concept of Morale; Factors determining morale; Role of Incentives in
Building up Morale.
b) Communication: Steps in the Communication Process; Communication
Channels; Oral versus Written Communication; Verbal versus non-verbal
Enzymes and plant pigments; photosynthesis- modern concepts and factors
affecting the process, aerobic and anaerobic respiration; C3, C4 and CAM
mechanisms. Carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism. Growth and development;
photoperiodism and vernalilzation. Plant growth substances and their role in
crop production. Physiology of seed development and germination; dormancy.
Stress physiology - draught, salt and water stress.
upward, downward and lateral communication; Barriers to Communication, Role of
Information Technology. Corporate Governance: Factors affecting Corporate
Governance; Mechanisms of Corporate Governance.
No syllabus is prescribed for Phase – I examination papers. However, candidates
may use the above syllabus for relevant sections of Phase I examination wherever
Courtesy : NABARD